Bullying is an aggressive behavior from a child towards another.
However, it is distinguished from a simple conflict among kids since it is persistent, intentional and involves a power imbalance.
There are three roles involved: the bully, the victim and the bystander, with consequences:
for the bully violent and antisocial behavior and educational problems,
for the victim depression symptoms, anxiety, low self-confidence and even suicidal tendencies,
while for the bystander the sense of fear and being powerless to act on similar situations in the future.
A major problem in bullying is the distinction of these roles, since a child can take different roles in different social groups.
As a result, intervention is difficult to achieve.
All of the three roles are merged on a behavioral level and their diversity is reflected on empathy, awareness and self-confidence of each individual.